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certified hand therapist

The Ultimate Guide to Being and Becoming a Certified Hand Therapist

American Society of Hand Therapists

To raise awareness about Hand Therapy Week (June 5th-11th, 2017), NewGradPhysicalTherapy wants to celebrate the benefits of hand therapy and educate the newly minted physical therapist on what a hand therapist does, how to become a Certified Hand Therapist (CHT), the benefits of being a CHT, and what it is like to be a CHT day to day.

According to the Hand Therapy Certification Commission, “Hand therapy is the art and science of rehabilitation of the upper limb, which includes the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder girdle. It is a merging area of occupational and physical therapy theory and practice that combines comprehensive knowledge of the structure of the upper limb with function and activity. Using specialized skills in assessment, planning, and treatment, hand therapists provide therapeutic interventions to prevent dysfunction, restore function, and/or reverse the progression of pathology of the upper limb in order to enhance an individual’s ability to execute tasks and to participate fully in life situations.”

Historical recap


The specialty came out of necessity during and after WWII, when orthopedic surgeons and therapists worked closely with each other to develop protocols for individuals with upper quarter injuries. Hand therapy practice expanded into its own field in the 1970s, with the emergence of physical and occupational therapists who only treated upper quarter injuries. In 1975, physical and occupational therapists came together to form the American Society of Hand Therapists (ASHT).

As the need for hand therapists grew, the profession became more clearly defined. In 1991, the first CHT exam was given to allow those who work with this population to earn a high distinction of specialization.

Demographics and miscellaneous statistics:

  • 6,284 CHTs worldwide (5,891 in the US alone)
  • 14% of CHTs are physical therapists (824 in the US)
  • 71% female, 29% male
  • CHTs in the US can expect wages of $39.81 per hour, on average
  • Salary for CHTs ranges from $67,077 – $98,530
  • Job growth 2014-2024: 34% for all physical therapists

Assessments and treatments used by a Certified Hand Therapist

hand splint

Upon referral, the hand therapist will administer objective assessments of upper limb function including movement, strength, and sensation.

Treatment is tailored to the individual and varies depending on the condition. The therapist may utilize the following tools:

• Static and dynamic splinting
• Home exercise programs
• Massage
• Joint mobilizations
• Management of scars and swelling
• Custom made pressure garments
• Strengthening
• Ultrasound and TENS
• Sensory re-education
• Dressing changes and wound check
• Education regarding surgery or condition
• Advice and information for return to previous level of functioning

Requirements to take the CHT exam

hand therapy certification commission

The Hand Therapy Certification Commission is the central site for applying to take the CHT Exam. It provides instructions to help you create an account and lists all forms necessary to complete the process.

November 6-11, 2017 is the next and last date for the CHT exam in 2017.

Self-assessment of knowledge base

The HTCC Self-Assessment Tool was developed to be used by Certified Hand Therapists, occupational therapists, and physical therapists interested in learning about hand therapy as well as therapists preparing for the Hand Therapy Certification Examination. The purpose of the tool is to allow individuals to review and reflect on their knowledge of hand therapy in order to determine learning goals and activities.

Check out this link from the HTCC for a description of the CHT exam content.

Observation/clinic hours

As with applying to PT school and other certification exams (eg. OCS, SCS, NCS, CCS, WCS, etc.), there are minimum requirements of clinic/observation hours in order to be eligible to sit for the CHT exam. Recently, as of the May 2017 exam, one must have accrued 4,000 hours of DIRECT PRACTICE EXPERIENCE in hand therapy and also have been a licensed practicing clinician for 3 years prior to the date of the exam.

The 4,000 hours must be completed in an “upper quarter clinic,” but do not have to be under the direct supervision of a CHT. HTCC encourages each candidate to demonstrate experience that covers a variety of conditions and types of treatment because the examination covers many areas within the practice of hand therapy.

Please read this document, as the requirements have changed recently and this will provide the most current information available.

Required forms

  • Employment Verification Form – This document is used to verify employment in an upper quarter clinic. It must be signed by the place of employment.
  • Explanation of Direct Practice Experience in Hand Therapy Form – This form ensures that you spent time in a direct practice setting.

What does DIRECT PRACTICE EXPERIENCE in hand therapy mean?

According to the Hand Therapy Certification Commission, “Direct Practice Experience is the direct provision of patient care through assessment and implementation of an individualized treatment plan including but not limited to orthotics/splinting, modalities, and/or exercise to prevent dysfunction, maximize functional recovery, or influence the effect of pathology in the upper quarter. It does not include time spent in administration, research, teaching, or consultation.”

Studying for the CHT exam

The Hand Therapy Certification Examination is a comprehensive test of advanced clinical skills in the field of upper limb rehabilitation. It is expected that candidates will have a thorough understanding of hand therapy theory and its clinical application based on a variety of educational opportunities and practical experiences.

Check out these links to learn more about the CHT exam content and for a description of recommended preparation materials.

Fellowship and mentoring

The HTCC provides a calendar and a list of potential fellowship, mentorship, and student clinical affiliation opportunities for those interested. These opportunities are typically available every year. However, there are specific periods of time when these opportunities are available, so it is up to the PT or SPT to contact the program to get more details. Check out the HTCC website’s section on fellowships for more information.

The American Society of Hand Therapists (ASHT) provides access through their partnership with HTCC for mentorship, but also provides a mentoring e-community. This is a place to collaborate with fellow ASHT members, identify resources, share ideas, tap the knowledge and experience of your peers, and generally discuss topics of interest

ASHT states, “Mentoring plays an important part in the advancement of the specialty of hand therapy, therefore, ASHT encourages mentoring between the novice and advanced practitioner and provides the following resources to assist with the mentoring process. These resources are provided for general educational purposes and should not be considered as authoritative medical or legal guidance or a substitute for consultation with qualified professionals. ASHT makes no representations or warranties, express or implied, with respect to this information and specifically disclaims all warranties to the fullest extent permitted by law. Note: Before sharing patient information, make yourself aware of any HIPPA or other privacy restrictions that may apply to you and your patient.”

Find a CHT

HTCC offers the only Internet directory for Certified Hand Therapists. This may be useful to the new grad physical therapist who wants to observe what CHTs do on a daily basis. It is advised to observe a CHT before taking the exam.

Post-professional hand therapy programs

  • The Philadelphia Hand Center, Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Evelyn J. Mackin Hand Therapy Fellowship
  • University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor (Michigan) Hand Therapy Fellowship
  • Hospital for Special Surgery (New York) Hand Therapy Fellowship
  • OrthoCarolina Residency Program (North Carolina)
Once you become a Certified Hand Therapist, you will be required to get re-certified every few years. HTCC details the recertification requirements on their site.

Introductory continuing education courses

HTCC provides a calendar that lists different continuing education courses for clinicians to peruse, while also allowing individuals to participate in independent online studies.

Interview with Patricia Roholt, PT, CHT

Image result for Patricia Roholt

Patricia Roholt is a physical therapist and a Certified Hand Therapist with over 35 years of clinical practice experience and more than 30 years as a specialist in hand therapy. She has been a leader in the field of upper extremity continuing education for physical and occupational therapists for over 15 years. Patricia is also the President/Owner of Clinical Specialty Education (CSE).

Clinical Speciality Education offers continuing education classes on hand therapy that are comprehensive, relevant, and immediately applicable in the clinical setting. CSE strives to provide hand therapy seminars that reflect therapy techniques and treatment approaches based on current research and evidence based practice.

We, at NewGradPhysicalTherapy, have talked with Patricia about all areas of hand therapy in order to give you an inside look of what it is like to be a hand therapist.

NGPT: What pushed you to become a Certified Hand Therapist?

I was a new mom and this part of therapy allowed me to work part-time while pursuing a unique path. To be honest, it sort of just fell into my lap at the time.

NGPT: Did your schooling provide you with the education necessary to start treating patients/clients with hand complaints?

No, not at all. To become competent in this arena, I had to take continuing education classes. While they were not extensively provided at the time, the courses out there were rigorous. They also forced me to be a self-educator.

Presently, this has changed. As an individual who provides continuing education courses, it is my belief that new grads should take as many classes as possible in different areas.

NGPT: What do you like most about being a Certified Hand Therapist?

I feel it’s the intimate connection that I have with these clients. Each session you are sitting across from them eye to eye dealing with an intimate space. This intimacy allows for a close connection between client and clinician. Many of my patients rely on me to help get them back to playing music, playing with their kids or grandkids, working, and other aspects of their life. I find that rewarding and fulfilling.

I also feel that the splinting and bracing modalities that hand therapists are trained in allow for creativity and openness. Splinting requires on the spot engineering and is very much an art and a science – every splint is unique. Splinting requires critical skills and judgment, which can be both rewarding and challenging. I also find it to be the most interesting area to teach as well.

Also, becoming a teacher has given me so much joy. I have the opportunity to provide the necessary tools to allow newly interested physical therapists in the field to become hand therapists.

NGPT: How are treatment sessions organized? How long are they? Any differences from a typical orthopedic outpatient clinic?

In the clinic, patient sessions are one hour long. Sessions are divided into two 30 minute halves, with 30 minutes being one on one with me and the other 30 minutes consisting of exercise and modalities. The pace is not too dramatic. While this is how I typically treat, I cannot say that it is the norm across the board.

There are several differences between a hand therapy clinic and an outpatient orthopedic clinic. Usually, there is no need for draping or even privacy. I have found that the open atmosphere allows patients to cheer each other on. Also, we use less equipment than one would use in a typical outpatient orthopedic setting. Most of the time, big bulky machines are not necessary to practice as a successful hand therapist.

NGPT: How do you become a CHT?

I believe it requires 3 years of being a practicing licensed PT and 4,000 hours of hand therapy related clinical hours. My recommendation would be to have most of these hours satisfied under a current CHT, but its good to remember that the experience can come from treating the whole UE and not just the hand.

NGPT: What is unique about being a CHT other than the patient population you work with?

I believe that it pertains to the relationships CHTs have with hand surgeons. There is common knowledge among most hand surgeons that their surgeries are not successful without a CHT who has intimate knowledge of rehabilitation protocols for different types of hand surgeries. There is constant communication between these disciplines to further elucidate any issues and to improve patient outcomes. There is great trust that builds with this close connection that many other orthopedic physical therapists do not have the opportunity to develop with surgeons.

Also, if the clinic or clinician has access to a Durable Medical Equipment (DME) License, insurances are more willing to reimburse fully for these services with hand therapy. DME includes all splinting and bracing treatments.

NGPT: Is it completely necessary to have the CHT?

I believe it raises the profession to a higher standard of practice. Fundamentally, it forces competencies in certain areas that are not taught in school. It also leads to more job opportunities both clinically and in academia. It also ensures that PTs, and not just OTs, have the opportunity to work with hand patients. We have every right to treat this patient population.

NGPT: What will help pave the path for future CHTs?

Research, research, research. The purpose of research is to inform action. If CHTs do not have a more extensive body of knowledge that confirms our purpose and functional role in hand rehabilitation, how can we ever prove our continued relevance to society?

Pros and cons of working as a Certified Hand Therapist


  • Challenging – everyone who walks through the door can present differently even if they have the same diagnosis
  • Huge demand
  • Future scope
  • Job satisfaction
  • Flexibility to allow you to work full time or part time
  • Build deep rapports with your clients
  • Easy on the body (lower extremity)
  • Intimate with regards to hand to hand contact
  • Able to use manual therapy just like other physical therapists
  • Unique approach to treatment, as most CHTs use bracing and splinting as part of their treatment protocols
  • Bracing/splinting is an art and can force the therapist to use their imagination
  • Engagement and interaction with other CHTs (small population)
  • Designation allows you unique access to a large population of patients while having a low amount of therapists to treat said population
  • Many employment opportunities
  • Close interactions with hand surgeons


  • Extensive study and clinic/observation hours required
  • Have to take a long exam to become a CHT
  • Long hours
  • Excessive documentation
  • Insurance restraints
  • Limited time allotment with patients (some clinics)
  • Tough on your hands/neck/back
  • Emotionally challenging
  • May not receive higher salary for being a CHT
  • May have complicated relationship with hand surgeons
What about you, new grads? Are any of you CHTs? What have your experiences been? Share in the comments section!



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About Dustin Passigli

Dustin Passigli
Dustin Passigli is a recent graduate (May 2015) of Long Island University-Brooklyn. Dustin is currently working at Profitness Physical Therapy, an orthopedic manual therapy clinic, in downtown Brooklyn as well performing duties as an adjunct lab instructor for Anatomy courses in the physical therapy department at LIU-Brooklyn.

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