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apply to physical therapy school
Chloe Moreno shares her tips to successfully apply to physical therapy school.

How to Apply to Physical Therapy School

How to Apply to Physical Therapy School

We’ve created an incredible ebook that will be your go-to guide for everything involving applying for physical therapy school. The application process for physical therapy school can be daunting, with everything you have to gather and fill out. But don’t panic! You are not alone, and hopefully, this guide helps you breathe and know you can do this!

In this ebook you will find:

  • Physical Therapy School Prerequisites – What they are and what you should consider
  • Community College Courses Vs University Courses – Which should you choose
  • Observation Hours – How many you need and where you should do them
  • Letters Of Recommendation – Who they should come from and how to ask for them
  • Taking The GRE – Study resources and tips and what score you should aim for
  • Writing Your Essay – How to decide on a topics for the 3 required essays
  • How to Choose What Schools to Apply to
  • Mentorship
  • When to Apply
  • and much much more….

Download Your Free Apply to Physical Therapy School: How To Get Accepted Ebook

Physical Therapy School Prerequisites:

Complete your prerequisites. These are the classes that you have to take in order to apply to physical therapy graduate school. It is best to get above a C (some schools will accept at least one C) in all prerequisites. If you have a C- or lower most schools will not accept the grade for the class. Let’s say you do have a C or lower in a class or a few classes, the best thing to do is retake the classes. This will strengthen both your cumulative GPA and your prerequisite GPA. It will also show schools that you are striving to better your grades and strengthen your application.

A rule of thumb is always try to have the best grades possible so you don’t have any red flags on your application.

In some cases, schools are okay with you having one C in a class. Also, be careful with how many times you retake a class. Some schools only allow a class to be retaken once outside of the first attempt.

Take prerequisites as early as possible so that schools are not waiting on you to finish too many classes. It gives schools a clear picture of your grades when most of your prerequisites are done.

I know that sometimes people question how many prerequisites they can have in progress/not yet begun before applying. Well, it usually depends on the physical therapy school, but most schools only allow one or two classes that are in progress/not yet begun. It is always a good idea to check the school’s website or contact the school to find out.

Here is a list of common prerequisites that most schools will require you to have:

  • Anatomy and Physiology (either A&P I and II OR the two classes separately, most likely with a lab)
  • General Biology I and II w/ lab
  • General Chemistry I and II w/ lab
  • General Physics I and II w/lab
  • General Psychology
  • Lifespan Development Psychology OR Abnormal Psychology
  • English class ( some require a composition English class)
  • Math: algebra and trigonometry ( some schools may require Calculus, but definitely a small amount)
  • Statistics
  • Medical Terminology * not all programs list this as a requirement, although it is helpful!

Here is a list of recommended classes that schools sometimes list (these are just some):

  • Exercise Physiology
  • Kinesiology
  • Nutrition
  • Medical Terminology * not all programs list this as a requirement, although it is helpful!
  • Biomechanics

Community College Courses vs. University Courses

Most schools do not mind if some of your coursework has been taken at a community college. I know many students worry that if they take a course at a community college it is frowned upon. More often than not schools will allow you to take classes at a community college. There may be some physical therapy schools that require all or some classes to be taken at a 4 year University – if you are worried it is always best to ask the school you are interested in.

This also goes for retaking courses:

It is sometimes cheaper and more convenient to take courses at a community college.


Check to see how physical therapy schools will incorporate any grades you received in a class you retook.

Observation Hours:

Okay, so I know many of you may be wondering where to start. Good question! When it comes to observation hours it is good to have a variety so look in to clinics and specialties that interest you! Call these clinics or email them and let them know that you are interested in shadowing/observing a physical therapist. Once you are in contact with them it is often best to do 20-40+ hours at each location.  Physical therapy school requirements range anywhere from 20-40 hours so definitely make sure you meet each schools number of required hours! I personally always did 30+ hours in each setting to ensure I reached each school’s minimum requirements. A good number of total hours to have is 100 +. Why? Well it shows that you have experience in the field and a wide range of exposure. It also will help you reach every schools minimum number of total hours .

Having observation hours from a variety of physical therapy settings is recommended. For this, it is always good to have inpatient and outpatient hours. For an inpatient setting, an acute care hospital, skilled nursing facility (SNF), or a rehabilitation hospital are all good ideas. For an outpatient setting, any clinic that is freestanding and not a part of the above is considered outpatient.

Some fields you may want to look in to are: geriatrics, pediatrics, orthopedics, women’s health, prosthetics, veterans hospital, neurological physical therapy, therapy in a school, sports rehab, and cardiovascular and pulmonary therapy. There are a wide range of specialties in physical therapy.

Variety is key! Try to have experience in at least 3+ settings.

Make sure to let the places where you are shadowing know what kind of experience you are looking for. Be clear about this so that you get the most out of your experience!

  • Do you want to help the therapist get supplies together so you know the names of supplies?
  • Do you want to be educated on what the therapist is working on with a patient?

Things like that are some examples. Also let them know that you want to specifically shadow a physical therapist. Definitely connect with patients and get comfortable interacting with them. Do not be afraid to ask questions. All of these tips will help you create a relationship with physical therapists you observe, instead of just being another body in the room.

Make sure to have a log where you track your hours and have the physical therapist sign off on the log just in case! Lastly, get reliable contact information from the physical therapist who you are shadowing and if possible have a backup physical therapist that can verify your hours at the same clinic. I suggest this because it will help you always have someone you can get into contact with, just in case things change or there is a problem. It’ll save you the headache!

Use these strategies to land the letter of recommendation you need and to get the most out of your experience.  

Letters Of Recommendation:

Most physical therapy schools require you to have at least one letter from a physical therapist and a professor in your major. It is important to check what types of letters of recommendation each school you are applying to requires.

Make sure to ask for letters early to give those you asked enough time to write a quality letter. 2-3 months’ notice is best!

Even sending them a quick email early on asking them is a good idea so you know who is going to write your letters! It helps save you the headache of scrambling last minute if someone fails to write your letter.

POWER-TIP: Send them a resume with your email – this will give them a better idea of your accomplishments.

Consider the following when deciding who to ask for a letter of recommendation:

  1. Who is most likely to support you?
  2. Who has seen your accomplishments?
  3. Who has watched you problem solve? Who sees your characteristics?
  4. Who has seen you demonstrate integrity and compassion?

It is so important to develop strong relationships with your professors and the physical therapists that you observe/work with. You want them to see you shine, and have no question as to why you want to be a physical therapist!

For my letters of recommendation I asked:

  • My biology professor for a class that I retook at a community college. I arrived to class early every day to ask questions. I also stayed after for open lab to make sure I understood the material and for clarification. I always had questions! I also helped my fellow classmates with anything they struggled with. Because of all these things I knew he was the right professor for me to ask. He was able to see my characteristics and wrote me an extremely strong letter.
  • I then asked the two physical therapists I work with now- I had been hired as a rehab aide for about three months and developed a good relationship with both. I helped my coworkers with anything I saw they needed. I was prompt and early to work. I interacted with all the patients I worked with. I asked tons of questions to learn. I always remained positive and tried to put patients I worked with at ease. The physical therapists at my job saw this and were able to write strong letters of recommendation for me!
  •  The last person I asked to write me a letter was a mentor I had for about four years. She was the Director of the Latino Resource Center on campus. She saw my growth as a student; the good and struggles I had. She also pushed me to become a better student and to never give up on pursuing my dreams. She was there every step of the way throughout my college career. This individual was also able to write a strong letter of recommendation.

These are just some examples from my own experience. I know that some students worry about only knowing a therapist or professor for a short amount of time, but if you really show who you are then there is no doubt that you can make a lasting impression! I only knew my Biology professor for the 5 weeks of the summer class, and I only knew the physical therapists I asked for 3 months so it can be done! Be you and you’ll flourish!

Taking The GRE:

I am definitely not the best at standardized test taking. But I did my research on what the best ways to study were and what materials to use. I will share with you what worked for me.

  • Study for two months at a minimum, for at least two hours a day.
  • Take multiple practice tests to get better at taking the test.
  • Study in a quiet environment that does not have any distractions for you. I couldn’t study at home so I would go to the library, park, or café.
  • Study materials:

o   Manhattan Prep GRE series for the quantitative portion and the analytical writing portion.

o for the text completion and reading comprehension.

o   Magoosh GRE Vocab Flashcard app for my phone and tablet (its free!)

o   I also used to create my own flashcards and used their games they create from your flashcards to learn the words in different ways

The test can be really intimidating, but don’t stress! You will do well if you have the right materials for your study habits and are diligent.

Try to score a combined score of 300+ and a 4.0+ on the analytical writing portion. Let’s say you score below this try to retake it to score a little higher. You can also apply to schools that do not weigh the GRE heavily. BUT always put your best foot forward and do the best you can on the test. Some schools weigh the test heavily, or will use it as a positive if your GPAs are low.

Extracurricular Activities/ Volunteer Experience/ Research In Undergrad:

Make a list of all your extracurricular activities and volunteer experience. It literally can be anything you have done! All of these things give schools insight into who you are. Many schools like to see volunteer experience because their program gives back to the community. It also shows that you are committed to giving back to others so it’s a great thing! I know many people worry that their extracurriculars are not pre-pt club or things like that – that is okay. Or many people may not have much extracurricular or volunteer experience at all do to work – this is also okay. Schools just like to see that you were active in some way throughout college.

Schools want to see that you can handle a tough course load while doing an extracurricular activity, volunteering, or working.

As an example, my undergraduate profile looked like this:

I was active in organizations that did not align with physical therapy: a women’s group on campus and an honors society and a few more.

I worked many on campus and off campus jobs throughout my college years including work:

  • As a tour guide
  • As a ticketing manager for events at school
  • In housing and dining
  • At the physical therapy clinic at my university
  • At a rental agency.

I also participated in various leadership conferences on campus.

Getting involved in research is a great option for many students.  It provides the following:

  • Mentorship
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Writing skills
  • Furthering your knowledge of the field
  • Learning about what needs need to be filled in your profession
  • How to conduct research
  • These are just some of the skills you can gain!

I personally loved the experiences that I had with research. I gained wonderful mentors in the field of physical therapy who have offered me professional and academic advice for years now. I also learned about what my passion is. It opened so many doors for me, and taught me many things.

I participated in many research opportunities in undergrad, some including:

  • Pediatrics and how parents can be incorporated in to their therapy.
  • Concussion management in little league sports
  • The availability of physical therapy in lower income communities

If you are wondering how to get involved with research, go ahead and comment below or contact us.

All of these things were in my application. I learned from each and every opportunity. So make sure to include your experiences!


For the essay portion of your application, there are 3 types of essays you may come across: personal statement, supplemental essays, and a re-applicant essay.

For the personal statement, you want to focus on you. Often times students get carried away with what they learned from others, rather than writing about how the experience shaped them into the type of physical therapist they want to be. Or students may write about how they became interested in physical therapy through an injury. This may be how you became interested in physical therapy, but what else furthered your passion for it? What else helped you learn about physical therapy? Be sure to include these experiences. Admissions committees tend to see a lot of the same kind of essays – so make yours unique. Let them see who you are in the essay! This is so important because programs want to get to know the students who are applying. This is especially important if the program does not conduct interviews, because your essay will be what gives them a sense of who you are. Also, make sure to answer the question as well, and do some background research on the question if there is a quote or statement. This will help you organize your thoughts and have a better understanding of what the question is asking.

Supplemental essays are other essay prompts that a specific physical therapy program will want you to write about. This may give the program more insight to who you are, so these essays are also important. Many of the tips listed above for the personal statement will apply here too. Make sure to put time and effort in to these as well.

The re-applicant essay is only for students who are reapplying to a program that they applied to the previous year. This essay will give the program insight on what you have done to improve your application since last applying. Make sure to let them know the exact things you’ve done! This is your time to show them that you took their advice into account and made improvements!

*Make sure to have more than one person read your essay. Mentors, professors, friends, and the writing center at school are great sources to review your essays!

Make A List Of PT Schools That Match The Stats On Your Application:

This will be one of the most important pieces of advice that I can give you.Many students make this mistake and I want to help you not do the same! I myself did this and learned from it. Make sure to apply to schools whose minimum requirements you meet. This will save you time, money, a headache, and a rejection letter from that school. How can you do this?

  • Look at your GPAs to make sure your prerequisite GPA and cumulative GPA meet the minimum for the particular program you are interested in.
  • Most schools require a 300 combined score or above on the GRE. So make sure that you meet the score requirement for that school.
  • Make sure to have the required observation hours in each setting that the school requires.
  • Make sure to have recommendation letters from each person that a PT school specifies.
  • Make sure to have the required classes that the school has listed as prerequisites.

How can you be strategic, especially if you have a low GPA or GRE score?

  • Start at the PTCAS website under their program directory tab here :

They list PT schools by state or alphabetically. There is also a list of schools who do not use the PTCAS application system.

  • Look into [ER3] schools that have a lower required GPA that is around yours.
  • Look into PT schools that will allow you to replace a low grade with a retake grade if you retook a class (this will make your GPA higher).
  • Look into PT schools that use your last 60 credit hours as one of their GPAs they look at. This works for students because sometimes this GPA tends to be higher.
  • Look into PT schools that do not require the GRE.
  • Look into PT schools that do not have a minimum score requirement for the GRE.
  • Earn more observation hours in different settings.
  • Gain super strong letters of recommendation.
  • Write a strong personal statement.
  • Contact the PT schools you are interested and find out what your stats/application looks like compared to students accepted in the past. This will give you an idea of what the school looks for if you are unsure of whether or not you should apply.
  • Attend graduate school fairs at your school. This will allow you to talk to different representatives from various schools.

What should I look for when applying to a school?

  • Many times students will use a ranking list for PT schools. These ranking lists should not be all you use to determine which school to apply to. Often times the ranking lists are surveys that are conducted –which does not provide actual information about the physical therapy school ranking. So it is important to do your own research.
  • See if the PT schools you are looking into have scholarships.
  • Check to see what the faculty is like and if they have interests that align with yours.
  • Is the location somewhere you can see yourself?
  • What are their graduation rates?
  • What are their passing rates on the NPTE?
  • How long are their clinicals?
  • How supportive of an environment is it?
  • What is the cost of attendance?
  • What other opportunities does the school offer (electives, study abroad etc.)?

A Few More Things To Consider:

  • First and foremost, make sure to apply as early as possible! This means you should try to get your application in as early as July –August. This is the best time because it puts you in front of the admissions committees early on. Especially if a school offers rolling admission. If your stats are not too competitive this is a good time to apply as well. Sometimes applying this early may not be possible or you have a later deadline for a school. My advice is to contact the school and find out if it is too late to apply. This will help save you money because sometimes schools fill up their classes and your application will not be looked at – this doesn’t always happen so like I said it is always best to contact the school! IF a school has a later FIRM deadline (aka, not a rolling admission: the school will not look at applications until after this deadline) then you may be able to get away with applying at a later date. But still early is best!
  • Make sure to save money before applying. I say this because the application process can be extremely expensive when all is said and done. Since you have to pay for transcripts, the GRE, GRE scores to be sent, and every school you apply to it is best to have some money saved up!
  • Not every school offers scholarships –but check and see which ones do! This is very helpful when it comes to high tuition prices. I would also ask if school offer TA or work-study positions for students because this will give you some spending money and sometimes a tuition waiver!
  • Make connections with the schools you are applying to! Email admissions representatives if you have questions; this will make your name stick out, as well as show your interest in the program. DO NOT BE AFRAID TO ASK QUESTIONS!
  • Have a mentor. Mentors are great and can offer you good advice. They are a great source especially when it comes to reading over your essays, networking, and helping you navigate your academic career.
  • Tour schools if you can! This helps admission representatives put a face to a name. It allows you to get a feel for the school, ask your questions in person, and figure out if it is somewhere you would like to attend. It is also a great time to interact with current students from that program!

I really hope all of this has helped you and made you feel more confident about applying to physical therapy school. These are all things that I have learned over the past few years from applying and finally getting into physical therapy school! I know the road can be tough and overwhelming –but the finish line is so worth it! So hang in there, and make your application shine!

Let me know if you have any questions!


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About Chloe Moreno

Chloe Moreno


  1. Carrie Smith

    Hi Chloe,
    I am currently going to enter my senior year of college and am really confused about when to apply to PT schools. I was planning to apply starting next month in July and submit them by August, but is this too early? Am I supposed to wait until after I graduate from my undergrad?


    • Brett Kestenbaum

      Hi Carrie,
      Thanks for commenting! I would start getting your applications started on PTCAS with all the information you are able to provide. Begin doing research on the schools you’d like to go to, and start contacting professors to have conversations / ask for advice. Getting your name out there with them will help set you apart from the rest of the crowd.

  2. Melissa Lopez

    Thank you so much for this post! I’m currently a freshman (technically a Junior credit-wise), and looking into the application process for PT school, researching different programs, making myself a competitive applicant. I may be “jumping the gun” a bit, here, but I just want to make sure I am prepared for what awaits me. It’s a lot, and I’m feeling a bit overwhelmed, but I know–like you said–it’ll be worth it in the end. I REALLY want this, and I will do my best to make PT schools see that! 🙂

    • Meredith Victor Castin

      Hi, Melissa! Thank you for stopping by and posting your kind words! We’re thrilled that you found the article helpful, and please feel free to email us (or comment on the site) to let us know of other topics that we can post that might be helpful to you as you go through the undergrad and application process.
      Thank you again and welcome to the family 🙂

    • Casey Coleman

      Hi Melissa, I help the NGPT team with a few projects for the company. Myself and a few of my classmates have created a PRE-Doctor of physical therapy facebook group to cater to students like yourself! the group is made of other pre-pt students as well as DPT students and Practicing PT clinics. the group is made for support and mentorship through your process. Feel free to join us! link here.

  3. Gregory Mills

    This post is incredibly helpful, thank you! I am currently in a major life transition. I have been very unhappy at my current job and have been navigating the process of applying to PT schools. I’ve been a PT patient twice and have parents with rheumatoid arthritis so I truly appreciate how much PT can help people and I’ve fallen in love with the path.

    I’ve got a nice plan in place that I think should be an effective one. I believe that my application will be a strong one because of my research experience. I spent two years in psychology research and a year in public health research during my time as an undergrad psych major, and now almost a year in full time clinical research. My GPA is a 3.93 though I still have to take the GREs and finish my pre requisite courses.

    Though I’m confident in my ability to get into programs in a few ways, I’m nervous that my pre-requisite courses won’t be done in time! I’m doing an all-out blitz of the courses in the summer and fall, but will likely still have 4 courses left with labs due to how the courses are offered at the university I attained my bachelor’s degree at. The programs don’t explicitly state any restrictions based on how many pre-reqs are completed, other than that they must be completed before enrollment.

    So my question is this: despite there being no explicit limits, do you think that this is a significant blemish on an application? Assuming that all other elements of the application are strong, would this be a deal breaker for schools? Any help is appreciated, thank you! Sorry for the long-winded post!



    • Meredith Victor Castin

      Hi Greg!

      Thank you so much for your comment. Very excited for you and your new life path 🙂 It’s kind of hard to say whether your pending pre-reqs will be deal breakers. Is your GPA taking any pre-reqs/science classes into account? Generally, schools like to see a strong pre-req GPA, as those are the classes that will best predict your performance in the PT school classes. Also, the GRE will be helpful.

      Have you looked into schools that have rolling admissions? Or ones that accept classes throughout the year? It might be worth waiting to apply, so that you have a more complete picture to present to the admissions team. But if you’re in a hurry to make a move, I suppose it can’t hurt (other than time and money lost) to apply now. If I were you, though, I’d probably wait. My school (University of St. Augustine) accepted 4 classes per year, so I wound up starting in January vs. September b/c I was still working on pre-reqs. It simply worked for my life to go at that pace. But I think I was still 1-2 pre-reqs short at application time. The school was still new at the time (it was the SD campus) and I think that’s part of why they accepted me without all my ducks in a row. My GPA and GRE were strong, but they even said to me a few times that it was unusual to accept people without all pre-reqs completed. If I were to apply today, I don’t know if they would accept me without the pre-reqs complete, as they get tons of applicants in the pool.

      So I guess it’s your call. If they don’t accept you over the pre-reqs, worst case scenario is you’re out some time and money, and you can always reapply. I hope that was helpful! Please reach out if you have more questions 🙂 Thanks again for stopping by!

      • Gregory Mills

        Hi Meredith,

        Sorry for the late reply, life has gotten crazy navigating through all of this with such a tight timeline! Thank you for your thoughtful reply. I’ve been trying to look into local schools for living arrangement purposes, and one of them has a rolling deadline and the other has a firm deadline. I’ve managed to figure out a way to get more classes into the summer than I had previously listed in my comment above, so that now I will have two courses left over for the Spring semester. I’m still a bit baffled by all of this, I’m getting different answers on what I should do depending on who I talk to.

        I think what I need to do right now is just apply early even though my classes won’t be finished and just hope for the best. It’s going to be an insane summer packed with observation hours, 19 credits worth of courses in the summer, the GRE, and letters of recommendation.

        I have the plan made for all of it, I’m just really unsure still as to how my course completion will affect my application. Seems like I’m sort of in a gray area. I plan on submitting at the end of July to keep it early, but will still have 2 courses in progress at that time and will have 2 courses planned for the fall and 2 courses planned for the Spring. I’ll be submitting early to show that I had everything together, but I’m assuming they likely table it until more of my course grades come in. Whether that means I still have a decent chance of being accepted, I really don’t know.

        Could you tell me a bit about the academic update in PTCAS? By the time the winter rolls around, I will have grades for all but 2 of my courses required for the programs I’m applying to. Hoping that will help things.

        Thank you so much for your help!!

        Take care,


        • Meredith Victor Castin

          Hey Greg!

          This is going to date me a bit, but I didn’t use the PTCAS when I applied for PT school b/c it wasn’t really being used yet 😉 So I’m not sure exactly what your question is about the academic update. Can you send me a screenshot or a description of your exact question or concern? I’m sorry I can’t be more directly helpful at this time. But feel free to PM me or keep posting questions as they come up 🙂

          My unsolicited input at this point is that you’re being thoughtful and deliberate about your application process, so I think you have an excellent chance at acceptance, regardless of when you choose to apply..


          • Gregory Mills

            Hi Meredith,

            No worries! I haven’t seen the academic update in the system either since I haven’t really been able to build the application yet other than going in trying it out for last years application cycle just to try it out (a new portal will open in July or so for this year, until then I don’t believe there’s any way to get in and start building an application).

            I think I’ll just try and cross that bridge when I come to it since it will be a while till that happens anyway. I’ve been back and forth with the admissions departments at the schools I’m interested in and I think I have everything straightened out now. I’ve got a plan in place and I’m excited to start this new chapter of my life.

            Thank you for all of your help, overall this site has been an amazing resource for me!!


          • Casey Coleman

            Hi Greg, I help the NGPT team with a few projects for the company. Myself and a few of my classmates have created a PRE-Doctor of physical therapy facebook group to cater to students like yourself! the group is made of other pre-pt students as well as DPT students and Practicing PT clinics. the group is made for support and mentorship through your process. Feel free to join us! link here.

  4. Meredith Victor Castin

    Hi Greg! I’m so happy you’ve found the site helpful 🙂 Definitely keep us posted on your application status and let us know if there’s anything else we can do to help you along the way. Good luck and keep in touch!!

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