Research

The 4-Hour Researcher

In the first installment of my series on research, I listed several reasons why new grads and experienced physical therapists need to stay on top of research. Hopefully you’re convinced. In this installment, I’ll give you some tips that will help keep you informed in as little time as possible.

Remember, the goal is not to become George Davies, a physical therapist who has read more research than just about any physical therapist who’s existed.
If that’s your goal, great, but if your goal is to know what PTs are researching and what the latest evidence says, then keep reading.

Ultimately, the only way to be 100% current on all the latest research is to read every article related to PT, every single day. No one has time for this. It’s impossible to read everything, and there are many great articles that you will not be able to read. That’s why I recommend just an article a day. As Erik Meira, the founder and host of PT Inquest, noted last year,

“Let’s look at what was published on the ACL last year (2013). Oh. Only 1252 articles ON ONE FREAKING LIGAMENT OF ONE FREAKING JOINT!!!”(i)

Don’t let the fear of missing out deter you from enjoying research. An article a day is a great start, and if you read articles from the leading journals of our industry, you will have a good idea about what the latest research says about our field.

The Plan

Choose a particular time each month and set aside 2 hours of your time. It doesn’t matter what time it is, but it needs to be consistent. If you don’t set a consistent time, you will never read research. It’s too easy to say, “I’ll do it when I have time.” For me, I choose the first weekend of every month. Put away the phone and eliminate time wasters. Research requires all of your attention. Choose 5 journals that are most pertinent to PT. Here are the 5 I recommend:

You can choose whichever journals you want, but I think the five above should be a great start. Here are some others you might want to consider:

Physical Therapy in Sport Experiment

There are a variety of journals, but once you find the journals that give you the best return on investment, double down. In other words, focus most of your attention on those journals. I’ve experimented with over 20 journals, and I’ve found that the 5 above give me the best return on investment. The other journals have more of a medical background but you can still find some gems there. Again, it’s your choice. The next step is to read the abstracts of most of the articles. Read the abstracts that are the most pertinent and most relevant. You don’t need to read all of them. As you find the abstracts that interest you, write the reference info, so you can easily find it later. Reading the abstracts of the 5 major journals should take 1-2 hours. Another option is to a perform focused review of the research. Let’s say you’re seeing a lot of patients with lumbar spine stenosis. You can search the databases for recent articles that only pertain to this diagnosis.

If you read one recent article a day about 1 diagnosis, you’d be an expert in a month.
The next step is to download 7 articles, so you have an article a day to read; that way, you’re not downloading an article a day. Do it all at once and you don’t have to remember later in the week.

Finding the Articles

The question now is, where do you find the articles? This is tricky, even in the information age, because most journals charge fees for their articles. You have several options:

1) Become a member of APTA, or a section of the APTA.

Of course, you should be already, but another benefit of the APTA is that you have access to some online databases, including:

  • PEDRO: free for anyone
  • PTNow: free with APTA membership
    • This includes access to Cochrane Databases
  • CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)
  • SportDISCUS

This is how Eric Chaconas, assistant director of physical therapy at the University of Saint Augustine, FL, and also a fellow of association of orthopedic manual physical therapists (FAAOMPT), stays on top of research: “I get JOSPT, Sports health, JMMT and Physical Therapy. They all come to my house due to memberships I pay for APTA Orthopedics Section, Sports section and AAOMPT,” says Chaconas. “These are the main journals that affect my specialty area the most, so I try to read through them monthly. [Get] at least 1 journal coming to your house monthly and read it briefly. It’s amazing how it doesn’t really take that much time.”

2) Another option is to ask your school if they can give you access to the databases.

I can find almost any article I want through my school’s databases (University of Saint Augustine). It doesn’t hurt to ask. If the databases don’t have the article and I really want to read it, I can send an e-mail to the librarian at my school and he will send it to me.

3) Ask the author himself!

To be honest, I’ve never done this before, since I can find almost any article through my school or through the APTA, but I don’t see why it wouldn’t work. If you spent a lot of time and money to do a research trial, wouldn’t you want to disseminate your research to as many people as possible? Nobody does research to get rich. Meira supports this, saying, “When all else fails, [send the authors] an email and ask them nicely for a copy of their article, expressing your strong interest in learning more. They are usually excited to share.”

Even if you aren’t an APTA member, reading the abstracts will catapult you ahead of most physical therapists. At least you will know what is going on, what researchers are doing, and who the researchers are.

Reading the Article

Let’s assume that you have access to at least 1 or 2 databases and that you can download the articles. The next step is to actually read the article. This isn’t as tedious or boring as it sounds.

Most articles are 10 pages, but 1-2 of those pages are references, and another 1-2 pages consist of charts and graphs.
Read the abstract and conclusion first. This is a great way to read books, by the way. You know what’s coming and if you ever get lost during the article, you can remember what summary and conclusion said. At least now you have a compass. You don’t need to understand what’s going on at every moment. As long as you know the beginning and end, you at least have some idea what happened. Spend most of your time reading the results and the discussion. Results have a lot of numbers and symbols, but this is where the meat of the article is. You don’t need to know every statistical term (kappa, regression to the mean, chi-square test, etc.), but you should be able to read a chart critically.
The results section answers the question of the article, and also answers a more critical question, which is: “Is this article worth a damn?” So don’t skim this section.
The discussion section is the authors’ interpretation of the article. Meira says to not “get too bogged down in statistics. Before you even consider study design and statistical analysis, consider whether or not they are asking a scientific question, or whether or not the initial premises are sound. These are very simple questions that many studies fail to stand up to. Some studies will just be over your head. Don’t sweat it. That article isn’t for you. There are plenty others for you to read.”

When you finish the article, make sure you add it to the bibliography as a reference. If you read an article a day for several years, you’re going to have your own personal bibliography. If you’re trying to recall an article, you will be able to find it.

Conclusion

I called this article “The 4-Hour Researcher” because it’s catchy (like the international bestseller book The Four-Hour Workweek by Tim Ferriss) and it’s a plan to keep you informed in as little time as possible. Remember, reading all the new research would be a full-time job. Because you already have a full-time job and other commitments, you will not read all of the best research. Time is scarce and life is short. Don’t worry about that. Be consistent and read an article a day.

References

References

i Meira, E. “Staying Current.” November 18, 2014. http://ptpodcast.com/staying-current/

About Kevin Burciaga

Kevin Burciaga
Kevin has been a traveling physical therapist since 2015 when he graduated from the University of Saint Augustine, FL. He has worked in four different states and has done home care in three. He also coaches people who make unhealthy decisions about food and turns them into Empowered Eaters. You can find him at www.HealthyEatingGuy.com, or on his Facebook page The Empowered Eater, or contact him directly at kevin@kevinburciaga.com.

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